Judgment: The mother had applied without notice for a specific issue order for the father to return their two children to her care, asserting that he had retained them at the conclusion of an agreed period of contact. After the matter was listed on notice to the father, he told the court that he had not returned the children due to concerns about their welfare. No substantive order was made at that hearing. The mother now applied for a costs order. In the view of HHJ Middleton-Roy, this was not a case where it would be appropriate to depart from the general principle that each party should bear their own costs. There would be no order as to costs. He noted with approval that the parties had now agreed to attend therapeutic mediation with a view to improving the communication between them and to resolve issues in respect of the children.